Akrotiri Peninsula presents significant environmental importance and is characterised by diversity at all levels: life forms (flora-fauna), habitats, geology, hydrology, archaeology, history and civilisation.
Twenty-seven natural habitats (22 terrestrial and 5 marine) have been recorded in the area under the Natura 2000 network study. These habitats, four of which are priority, comprise a variety of characteristics and host a big diversity of life forms.
Akrotiri wetland complex is one of the very few areas in Cyprus hosting the Mediterranean Killifish, an endemic species to the Mediterranean region.
Akrotiri marsh is also important for its flora as the site hosts some rare and threatened species that are included in the The Red Data Book of the Flora of Cyprus. For some plants such as Ipomoea sagittata, Mentha aquatica, Euphorbia pubescens, Orchis palustris and Baldelia ranunculoides, the Akrotiri marsh is the only known site in Cyprus where these plants exist. The Akrotiri peninsula is also one of the botanical hotspots in Cyprus as it has been estimated that more than 800 indigenous plant taxa occur here.